Pablo Picasso  (Spanish 1881-1973)
Born on October 25, 1881, in Malaga, Spain, Pablo Picasso became a world renown artist. The son of an academic painter, José Ruiz Blanco, he began to draw at an early age. In 1895 the family moved to Barcelona, and Picasso studied at La Lonja, the academy of fine arts. His visits to Horta de Ebro from 1898 to 1899 and his association with the group at the café Els Quatre Gats about 1899 were crucial to his early artistic development. In 1900 Picasso’s first exhibition took place in Barcelona, and that autumn he went to Paris, where he settled in Paris in 1904 . Soon his circle of friends included Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob, Gertrude and Leo Stein, as well as two dealers, Ambroise Vollard and Berthe Weill. From 1925 into the 1930s Picasso was involved to a certain degree with the Surrealists and from the autumn of 1931 he was especially interested in making sculptures. With large exhibitions at the Galerie Georges Petit in Paris and the Kunsthaus Zurich in 1932 and the publication of the first volume of Christian Zervos’s catalogue raisonné the same year, Picasso’s fame increased markedly.
By 1936 the Spanish Civil War had profoundly affected Picasso, the expression of which culminated in his painting Guernica, 1937. Picasso’s association with the Communist party began in 1944. From the late 1940s he lived in the south of France. Among the enormous number of Picasso exhibitions that were held during the artist’s lifetime, those at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1939 and the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris in 1955 were most significant. In 1961 the artist married Jacqueline Roque, and they moved to Mougins. There Picasso continued his prolific work in painting, drawing, prints, ceramics, and sculpture until his death on April 8, 1973.

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