Juan Gris (José Victoriano González Pérez), Spanish 1887-1927) Juan Gris, real name José Victoriano González Pérez, was born in Madrid in 1887. His father, Gregorio González, was a well known paper manufacturer. He studied engineering at Madrid’s School of Arts and Sciences. He took painting lessons with the minor academic artist José Maria Carbonero . After his fathers death, Gris moved to Paris in 1906 and remained in France for the rest of his life. He had missed military service, so he was unable to return to Spain. He settled in the Bateau Lavoir, a tenement that housed many painters, critics, and poets, and it was there that he met Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob, and Maurice Raynal. Gris produced his first cubist paintings in 1911-1912.Gris and his wife spent the summer of 1913 with Picasso at Ceret, and the following year he spent the time spent time with Henri Matisse at Collioure. Gris returned to Paris in 1915 and suffered poverty during World War I.
Book ID: 012887